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Almost every adolescent knows acne. It is reported to occur in up to 85 % of young people under 25 years of age. It comprises unsightly pimples, reddish and often painful spots, which lead to scars. Purulent and inflammatory pimples or just an enlarged and clogged pores. Acne is an inflammatory process which occurs in blocked ducts of sebaceous glands. Acne is not contagious and therefore it cannot be transmitted to another person. However, through scratching or improper treating it may spread, e.g. to other locations on the face, because the bacteria spread to other, still uninfected sebaceous ducts.

The main reasons for the development of acne are hormonal instability, poor nutrition and inadequate or improper skin care.

Skin changes can also be observed in pregnant women, individually either for better, or for worse.

Acne treatment is divided into topical treatment applied directly on damaged skin, and systemic treatment, which means that the whole organism is treated with complex tablets.

Very good results can be achieved using special laser systems, lamps or chemical peeling using the keratolytic effect of so-called fruit acids. After the application the blocked ducts of the sebaceous glands are released and the stagnant sebum is drained out on the skin. This leads to immediate improvement in the condition of the acne-affected skin. It is recommended to undergo this procedure exclusively at dermatology departments.

The visit to the doctor should not be postponed if the acne is so severe that development of scars might threaten. In such cases, medical cosmetics often does not provide sufficient effect and a professional can help better.

Any potential scars may remain on the skin for a long time after puberty, however, even in such cases there is help available. Acne scars are most commonly removed using a laser beam – the skin is damaged using the beam and forced to undergo new regeneration. This procedure, however, may be quite expensive if applied to larger areas.